7 Common Fertility Issues Explained

There are many reasons why couples struggle to conceive. Everything from diet to stress can play a part. There may even be a medical condition that is preventing you from having a child. Fortunately, some of these conditions may be possible to treat or work around. The following post lists some of the most common fertility issues and what you should know about them. 

Ovulation problems

Many women do not experience a regular ovulation cycle. This can be due to various different reasons from thyroid problems to premature ovarian failure. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common conditions that affects the ovulation cycle. PCOS can be treatable by adopting a healthy lifestyle, taking medication such as clomiphene or even getting surgery. You can click here for more facts about PCOS.

Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous growth that develop around the womb. They are very common – 2 in 3 women develop at least one fibroid throughout their life, usually between the ages of 30 and 50. Fibroids can prevent a fertilized egg from attaching itself to the womb in some rare cases. Removing these fibroids with surgery may be necessary in such cases. 

Endometriosis

Women can also experience a problem known as endometriosis in which lining from the womb starts growing in places it shouldn’t such as the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can end up blocking eggs from travelling into the uterus in some cases. Endometriosis can be painful on top of causing infertility. Sadly, it is quite hard to treat, although pain relief and surgery can keep it under control and even temporarily allow fertility in some cases. 

Low sperm count

Low sperm count is a common problem in men – it’s believed that 1 in 3 cases of fertility problems among couples are due to this reason. Low sperm count could be due to lifestyle choices or may be due to testicular problems such as infections or varicocele. In some cases, it can be treated with medication or surgery. However, in other cases, IVF may be the only solution. 

Scarring

Scarring as a result of previous injuries or surgery can also affect the ability to conceive. This could include scarring on the uterus or scarring on the testicles. Such scarring may grow and obstruct reproductive parts. In other cases, scars may have damaged vital parts of the reproductive system. Treatment options such as an operative hysteroscopy may be possible – it depends very much on the extent of the scarring.

Hormone imbalances

Hormone imbalances are the leading cause of fertility issues and can often be the root cause of other issues like PCOS and low sperm count. Blood tests will usually be able to detect if there is a hormone imbalance. If certain reproductive hormones are particularly low, it may be possible to look into treatment options including hormone replacement therapy. This may help to improve fertility, as well as helping to solve other problems that you may be experiencing such as fatigue or mood swings. 

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